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Incheon (인천) is a city located at the northeastern tip of South Korea, bordering North Korea to the north, (서울) and Gyeonggi (경기도) to the east, and the Yellow Sea to the southeast.

It is the third largest city in the country after Seoul and Busan  (부산).

Translation by Laura Fino and Angie Salavarria

Photo by kyoungtae Min on Unsplash

Incheon is known for being the country’s largest transportation hub and for its islands, such as  Yeongjong (영종도) and Muui-dong (무의도).

| It has a population of 2,923 million (2017) and an area of 1,063 km2

Although Incheon is usually shown as part of the capital of Seoul, it is completely independent of it. Thus, it is known as the financial capital of South Korea, since part of the city and Yeongjong Island are declared as special economic zones, possessing economic benefits of a commercial nature.

Photo by Hon Kim on Unsplash

They have a port strategically located in the bay and close to Seoul, a location that has caused its gradual gain in popularity and importance.

Regarding its history, in 1950, during the Korean War, this place was the epicenter of the Battle of Incheon, where American troops arrived in the city to remove pressure on the Busan perimeter and to launch a counteroffensive to North Korea.

| In Incheon there is a monument honoring Colombian soldiers who fell in the Korean War.

Incheon was originally part of Gyeonggi Province, but in July 1981, it was independently granted Metropolitan City status.

In terms of tourism, Incheon stands out for having Songdo Park, Wolmido Island, Chinatown Incheon Park, Wolmi Theme Park, Jeondeungsa Buddhist Temple, among others.


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